There is evidence that natural resource endowments in the developing world impel, exacerbate, and prolong conflicts that increase gender-based violence. Resource profits allow governments to shore up the military and opposition parties to arm insurgents, thus increasing the degree of militarized sexual violence against women. Several studies show natural resources make endowed states less cooperative internationally, as they are less likely to be punished by other countries for failing to uphold standards for women’s rights.
Dr. Munir will survey the relationship between the resource curse and gender by drawing on illustrative cases in sub-Saharan Africa. She will outline the challenges posed in Nigeria, Angola, Liberia, and the DRC.
Dr. Laine Munir is a Research Fellow in the School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution (SCAR) at George Mason University’s Korea campus. Dr. Munir received her interdisciplinary Ph.D. in Law and Society from New York University (2015). She received funding from the Provost's Global Research Initiatives program at NYU's Florence campus and worked as a conflict resolution consultant in Kyrgyzstan. She has done bilingual aid work with non-profits in Bolivia and Honduras, as well as served in the Peace Corps in Mozambique.